[c]/rʌn / (say run)

verb (ran, run, running)
verb (i)
1. to move quickly on foot, so as to go more rapidly than in walking (in bipedal locomotion, so that for an instant in each step neither foot is on the ground).
2. to do this for exercise, as a sport, etc.
3. to hurry; go quickly.
4. to move swiftly by rolling on wheels or in various other ways: the train ran along the track.
5. to make a quick succession of movements, as with the fingers: the pianist ran up the scale.
6. to move easily or swiftly, as a vehicle, on wheels, a vessel, etc.
7. to make off quickly, take to flight.
8. to make a short, quick, or casual journey (up, over, round, etc.), as for a visit, etc.
9. Racing
a. to take part in a race.
b. to finish a race in a certain (numerical) position: he ran second.
10. to stand as a candidate for election: he is running for president.
11. to migrate, as fish: to run in huge shoals.
12. (of fish) to pass upstream or inshore from deep water to spawn.
13. to sail or be driven (ashore, into a channel, etc.), as a vessel or those on board.
14. Nautical to sail before the wind.
15. to ply between places, as a vessel.
16. to traverse a route, as a public conveyance: the buses run every hour.
17. to have recourse to, as for consolation: he's always running to his mother.
18. to move, revolve, slide, etc., especially easily, freely, or smoothly: a rope runs in a pulley.
19. to flow, as a liquid or a body of liquid, or as sand, grain, or the like.
20. to flow along, especially strongly, as a stream, the sea, etc.: with a strong tide running.
21. to melt and flow, as solder, varnish, etc.
22. to spread or diffuse when exposed to moisture, as dyestuffs: the colours in this fabric run.
23. to flow, stream, or be wet with a liquid.
24. to discharge or give passage to a liquid.
25. to creep, trail, or climb, as vines, etc.
26. to pass quickly: a thought ran across his mind.
27. to continue in or return to the mind persistently: a tune running through one's head.
28. to recur or be inherent: madness runs in the family.
29. to come undone, as stitches or a fabric; ladder.
30. to be in operation or continue operating, as a machine.
31. Commerce
a. to accumulate, or become payable in due course, as interest on a debt.
b. to make many withdrawals in rapid succession.
32. Law
a. to have legal force or effect, as a writ.
b. to continue to operate.
33. to pass or go by, as time.
34. to continue to be performed, as a play, over a period.
35. to be disseminated, spread rapidly, as news.
36. to spread or pass quickly from point to point: a shout ran through the crowd.
37. to be in a certain form or expression: so the story runs.
38. to extend or stretch.
39. (of stock) to graze: a holding where three thousand sheep could run.
verb (copular)
40. to have or attain a specified quality, character, form, etc.: the water ran cold.
41. to be or tend to be of a specified size or number: the costs ran high.
42. to exist or occur within a specified range of variation: your seat numbering runs from 43 to 48.
43. to pass into a certain state or condition; become: to run wild.
verb (t)
44. to cause (an animal, etc.) to move quickly on foot.
45. to cause (a vehicle, etc.) to move: I'll just run the car into the garage.
46. to traverse (a distance or course) in running: he ran a kilometre.
47. to perform by or as by running: to run a race; run an errand.
a. to compete with in a race.
b. to lead in a chase; outrun.
49. to enter (a horse, etc.) in a race.
50. to run along: to run the streets.
51. to run or get past or through: to run a blockade; to run the lights.
52. to bring into a certain state by running: to run oneself out of breath.
53. to pursue or hunt (game, etc.), especially those on pasture.
54. to drive (livestock), especially to pasture.
55. to keep (livestock), as on pasture.
56. to cause to move, especially quickly or cursorily: to run one's fingers through one's hair; to run one's eyes over a letter.
57. to cause to ply between places, as a vessel, conveyance, or system of transport: to run a train service between two cities.
58. to convey or transport, as in a vessel or vehicle.
59. to keep operating or in service, as a machine.
60. to possess and use, as a car.
61. to expose oneself to or be exposed to (a risk, etc.).
62. to sew, especially with quick, even stitches in a line.
63. (in some games, as billiards) to complete a series of successful strokes, shots, etc.
64. to bring, lead, or force into some state, action, etc.: to run oneself into debt.
65. to cause (a liquid) to flow.
66. to give forth or flow with (a liquid).
67. to pour forth or discharge.
68. to cause (a bath, etc.) to contain water; fill.
69. to cause to move easily, freely, or smoothly: to run a sail up the mast.
70. to drive, force, or thrust.
71. to extend or build, as in a particular direction: to run a road through the forest.
72. to draw or trace, as a line.
73. to conduct, administer, or manage, as a business, an experiment, or the like.
74. (of a newspaper) to publish (a story).
75. US to put up (a candidate) for election.
76. to melt, fuse, or smelt, as ore.
77. smuggle.
78. an act, instance, or spell of running: to go for a run.
79. a running pace.
80. an act or instance of escaping, running away, etc.
81. an act or spell of moving rapidly, as in a boat or vehicle.
82. the distance covered.
83. a period or act of travelling, especially a scheduled journey: an uneventful run to Paris.
84. a quick, short trip.
85. a spell of driving in a motor vehicle, riding a horse, etc.
86. a spell or period of causing something, as a machine, to run or continue operating.
87. the amount of something produced in any uninterrupted period of operation.
88. a continuous course of performances, as of a play.
89. Shearing an uninterrupted period of shearing: he had shorn over 5000 lambs in one eight-hour run.
90. a line or place in knitted or sewn work where a series of stitches have slipped or come undone; a ladder.
91. the direction of something fixed: the run of the grain of a piece of timber.
92. Mining a direction of secondary or minor cleavage grain; rift.
93. onward movement, progression, course, etc.
94. the particular course or tendency of something: in the normal run of events; the general run of the voting.
95. freedom to range over, go through, or use: the run of the house.
96. any rapid or easy course or progress.
97. a continuous course of some condition of affairs, etc.: a run of bad luck.
98. a continuous extent of something, as a vein of ore.
99. Mining a ribbon-like, irregular ore body, lying nearly flat and following the stratification.
100. a continuous series of something.
101. a set of things in regular order, as a sequence of cards.
102. any continued or extensive demand, call, or the like.
103. a spell of being in demand or favour with the public.
104. a series of sudden and urgent demands for payment, as on a bank.
105. a spell of causing some liquid to flow.
106. the tidal movement of water after slack water.
107. a flow or rush of water, etc.
108. a small stream; brook; rivulet.
109. a kind or class, as of goods.
110. the ordinary or average kind: that's the run of them.
111. that in or on which something runs or may run.
112. an enclosure within which domestic animals may range about.
113. a way, track, or the like, along which something runs or moves.
a. the habitual track or route taken by certain animals, as mice, rabbits, etc.
b. the bower of the bower bird.
115. a course for a particular purpose or activity, as an inclined course for skiing.
116. the area and habitual route covered by a vendor who delivers goods to houses, etc.: milk run; paper run.
117. a large area of grazing land; a rural property: a grazing run; a sheep run.
118. Obsolete the area through which an Aboriginal tribe habitually moved hunting and gathering.
119. Military the movement in a straight line up to the point of the launching of a bomb, torpedo, or the like, by an aeroplane, submarine, etc.
120. Aeronautics the period during which an aeroplane moves along the ground or water under its own power preceding take-off and following touchdown.
121. a trough or pipe through which water, etc., runs.
122. the movement of a number of fish upstream or inshore from deep water.
123. large numbers of fish in motion, especially inshore from deep water or upstream for spawning.
124. a number of animals moving together.
125. Music a rapid succession of notes; a roulade.
126. Cricket
a. the score unit, made by the successful running of both people batting from one popping crease to the other.
b. a performance of such a running.
127. Baseball
a. the score unit, made by successfully running round all the bases and reaching the home plate.
b. a successful performance of this.
128. Nautical the curved after part of a ship's hull below the waterline.
129. melted or liquefied.
130. poured in a melted state; run into a cast in a mould.
131. at a run, (of some action) performed while running, or by means of running; without stopping.
132. by the run, Nautical without checking, as in letting go a rope in a tackle.
133. cut and run, to take to flight.
134. give someone a run for their money, to offer someone strenuous and exacting opposition.
135. have (someone) on the run, to be in a good position to defeat (someone).
136. in the long run, ultimately.
137. in the short run, ignoring possible future developments; considering only immediate effects, etc.
138. on the run,
a. escaped or hiding from pursuit, especially by the police.
b. while busily engaged in other things: to eat on the run.
c. without due forethought or preparation: policy on the run.
139. run a book, Colloquial to accept bets.
140. run about, to roam without restraint: children running about in the park.
141. run across, to meet or find unexpectedly.
142. run after, to seek to attract.
143. run around, to behave promiscuously.
144. run (around) with, to keep company with.
145. run at, to attack.
146. run a temperature, to be feverish.
147. run at the mouth,
a. to dribble.
b. Colloquial to talk excessively, especially nonsense.
148. run away,
a. to take flight.
b. to depart: run away, I'm busy; he ran away to sea.
149. run away with,
a. to elope with.
b. to steal.
c. to win easily: he ran away with the election.
d. to use up (money, etc.) quickly.
e. to get out of the control of, as a horse, a vehicle, one's emotions or ideas, etc.
f. Colloquial to accept (an idea), especially erroneously or with insufficient justification: don't run away with the idea that you can go on behaving so badly.
150. run close, to press severely, as a competitor.
151. run down,
a. to slow up before stopping, as a clock or other mechanism.
b. to knock down and injure, as a vehicle or driver; run over.
c. Nautical to collide with and cause to sink, as a smaller vessel.
d. to denigrate; make adverse criticism of.
e. to reduce, as stocks.
f. to find, especially after extensive searching.
g. to pass quickly over or review: to run down a list of possibilities.
152. run hard, to press severely, as a competitor.
153. run hot, Colloquial
a. to be producing excessive heat in functioning: a computer running hot.
b. to be at a peak level of performance: a tennis star who is running hot.
c. to be happening in great volume at great speed: sales are running hot.
154. run in,
a. to cause (new machinery, especially a motor vehicle) to run at reduced load and speed for an initial period, so that excessive friction, etc., is reduced gradually and the machine becomes ready for full operation without damage.
b. to muster (cattle).
c. Printing to add (new text matter) without indentation.
d. Aeronautics to approach a landing.
e. Colloquial to arrest; seize.
155. run into,
a. to encounter unexpectedly.
b. to collide with.
c. to amount to: an income running into five figures.
156. run into the ground, to use until worn out: he ran his old car into the ground before he bought a new one.
157. run its course, to proceed in a customary fashion to a natural conclusion.
158. run off,
a. to depart or retreat quickly.
b. to produce by a reproduction process, as printing, photocopying, etc.
c. to write or otherwise create quickly.
d. to elope.
e. to determine the result of (a tied contest, etc.) by a run-off.
159. run off at the mouth, to talk indiscreetly or wildly.
160. run off with, to steal.
161. run of (good) luck, a period in which things go extremely well.
162. run of outs, Colloquial a succession of bad luck or unfortunate events, especially in gambling or sport.
163. run on,
a. to have as a topic: the conversation ran on politics.
b. to continue, as talking, at length and without interruption.
c. (of handwritten lettering) to be linked up.
d. Printing to print as continuous unindented text.
164. run on and on, to talk at length
165. run out,
a. to depart, as from a room, quickly.
b. to be completely used up: the food has run out; time is running out.
c. Cricket to put (the person batting) out by hitting the wicket with the ball while neither the person batting nor the bat is touching the ground within the popping crease.
d. Nautical to pass or pay out (a rope).
e. Showjumping (of a horse) to refuse by running outside the jump.
f. US to drive out; expel.
166. run out on, to desert; abandon.
167. run over,
a. to knock down and injure, as a vehicle or driver.
b. to exceed (a time-limit or the like).
c. to review, rehearse, or recapitulate.
d. to overflow or leak, as a vessel.
168. run rings (a)round someone, to perform with far greater success than another.
169. run short, to become scarce or nearly used up.
170. runs on the board, Colloquial successes; achievements.
171. run the track of, to follow the track of (a person or animal) in pursuit: to run the wild horses' track.
172. run through,
a. to rehearse or review.
b. to exhaust or use up (money, etc.).
c. to pass a sword or the like through (somebody).
173. run to,
a. to be sufficient for: the money doesn't run to caviar.
b. to include: his books don't run to descriptions.
c. to become as specified: to run to fat.
174. run up,
a. to climb quickly: a sailor ran up the mast.
b. to hoist (a sail, flag, etc.).
c. to amass or incur, as a bill.
d. to make, especially quickly, as something sewn.
175. run up against,
a. to meet unexpectedly.
b. to be impeded by.
176. run upon,
a. to have as a topic, as thoughts or a conversation.
b. (of a ship) to go aground upon.
177. run with, Law to go along with or accompany: the easement runs with the land.
178. run with the mob, to think or behave as the generality of people do.
179. the run of play, Football, Basketball, etc. the direction that the game is taking as one team consistently outdoes the other.
180. the runs, Colloquial diarrhoea.
{Middle English rinne(n), Old English rinnan, past participle runnen (later extended to present tense)

Australian English dictionary. 2014.


Look at other dictionaries:

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